The Anatomy Of The Kidney And The Nephron Worksheet Answers

massage, aromatherapy, acupuncture, shiatsu. Nephron, functional unit of the kidney, the structure that actually produces urine in the process of removing waste and excess substances from the blood. This process is called ultrafiltration. Just pay attention to when you feel thirsty and drink up! Super Teacher Worksheets - www. Created by Sal Khan. A) nephron B) glomerular capsule C) nephron loop D) capsular space. anatomy as they are both mammals. When kidneys don't work well. Anatomy of the Kidneys, Ureter, and Bladder. The left kidney is located at about the T12 to L3 vertebrae, whereas the right is lower due to slight displacement by the liver. The kidney is divided into an outer cortex, middle medulla and inner pelvis, 20% of blood pumped by heart goes through kidneys. Name the organs in the urinary system: 1. The most primitive nephrons are found in the kidneys (pronephros) of primitive fish,. The pig kidney is very similar to the human kidney, so we are able to use it instead for the study of human anatomy. Functional Anatomy Kidneys • Lie in the posterior wall of the abdomen – outside peritoneum (retroperitoneal) • Each kidney approx 150g • Medial side of each kidney = hilum o Renal artery and vein. esophagus 2. Renal Pelvis - leads out of kidney to ureter; The Nephron. Another image focuses on an individual nephron to identify the glomerulus, proximal and distal tubules, and the Loop of Henle. There would be serious. Urine is produced in a process called glomerular filtration, which is the removal of waste products, minerals, and water from the blood. They help the body pass waste as urine, while also helping to filter blood before sending it back. Study 55 Chapter 26 flashcards from Megan H. Identify the ureters, which carry urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder. Kidneys come with slits in them due to a mandatory inspection process. Reproductive system game. Introduction to the. As part of the filtering process, kidneys also reabsorb fluids depending on the needs of the body. The kidneys are essential organs in the body. This system involves the dynamic interplay of the kidneys, lungs, and blood vessels to carefully regulate sodium and water balance. They are also responsible for the reabsorption of water, glucose, and amino acids, and will maintain the balance of these molecules in the body. Answers to Questions on Anatomy Review: The Heart: 1. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH. Kidneys are bean-shaped organs, about 11 cm long, 6 cm wide, 3 cm thick and weigh 150 g. The kidney is referred to as an excretory organ because it excretes (1) wastes. Urinary System: Anatomy Review that has moved through the proximal tubule then moves into what part of the nephron? Answer choices in this exercise appear in. This filtrate then flows along the length of the nephron, which is a tubular structure lined by a single layer of specialized cells and. They make sure there is just the right amount of fluids in your body. Metabolic wastes would accumulate in the body and we would die. The kidneys receive blood through the renal artery. The Anatomy of the Kidney and Nephron. McBride Kidneys The kidneys are located in the retroperitoneal connective tissue of the posterior abdominal wall. From structure of the nephron worksheets to kidney and nephron videos, quickly find teacher-reviewed educational resources. Kidneys Facts Each human has two kidneys, one on the right side, and one on the left side, in the middle of the back, which are both protected by the rib cage. The kidneys reabsorb and redistribute 99% of the blood volume of the blood and only 0. tubule of the nephron (8 ). The important part of the kidney is a folded tube called a nephron. These narrow tubes carry urine from the kidneys to the bladder. skin kidney appendix bladder 9. Nephron (from Greek νεφρός - nephros, meaning "kidney") is the basic structural and functional unit of the kidney. Only a light or electron microscope can reveal these structures. You can use the Related Images section to find additional images. urine; includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra G. For anatomy of urinary system, kidneys, and the nephron, read pages 378-380. Each kidney contains over one million of them. • To understand the forces that determine glomerular filtration rate. We conclude the module. The left kidney is located at about the T12 to L3 vertebrae, whereas the right is lower due to slight displacement by the liver. 2 At the top of each kidney are adrenal glands.  Kidney + capsule are surrounded by pararenal fat Each kidney has superior and inferior poles, medial and lateral borders/margins and anterior and posterior surfaces. 5 L of urine / day to blood Cortex Glomerulus • Network of capillaries. on StudyBlue. The kidneys receive blood through the renal artery. Identify key characteristics of the major organ systems. In each kidney, there are one million of these structures, called nephrons. In addition, your kidneys help in keeping your blood pressure normal, making red blood cells and maintaining strong bones. individually and collectively they perform the functions of the kidney. If you've never been a fan of anatomy and physiology, then you're in the right place!. Test your knowledge about Kidney Anatomy with this online quiz. The kidneys help clean the blood. Urine moves from the kidneys to the urinary bladder in the ureters, which, for the purposes of this lab, are extensions of the renal pelvis. PhysioEX Worksheet. The worksheets could even be used as a progress test on these topic areas. 5 6 H istology of Kidney nephr = fuc t ial sk d y each kidney is com posed of over 1 m illion nephrons tw o basic parts: 1. The left kidney lies slightly superior to the right kidney. Each kidney has about 1 million nephrons, descending through the kidney. We then turn our attention to the structure and basic roles of the kidneys' functional units: the (NEF-ronz; nephrons nephro- = "kidney"). the removal from the body of the waste products of metabolic pathways; 2. Kidney Dissection Laboratory Objectives After completing this lab, you should be able to: 1. Chapter 26 - Anatomy & Physiology 508 with Lockwood at University of New Hampshire - StudyBlue Flashcards. What is the nephron's role regarding osmolarity?. The purpose of the urinary system is to eliminate waste from the body, regulate blood volume and blood pressure, control levels of electrolytes and metabolites, and regulate blood pH. The type of nephron that is involved in producing either a normal dilute urine or when needed a concentrated urine is the _____ nephron. The renal structures that conduct the essential work of the kidney cannot be seen by the naked eye. transports urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder 19. In the loop of Henle, water and sodium chloride are reabsorbed. peritubular capillaries e, renal artery 9. URETHRA—Membranous tube that serves as a passage of urine from the bladder to the outside of the body; about 1. Useful substances are reabsorbed back into the. A trivia quiz called Kidney Anatomy. Anatomy -I MCQs - MAFIADOC COM Labelled Diagram Of the Kidney Lovely Finest Anatomy Kidney Pd83 Renal Physiology - Physician Assistant 551 with Vader at University. Only a light or electron microscope can reveal these structures. Match the appropriate structure in column B to its description in column A. !!! No late papers will be accepted. Upper portions of the kidneys are somewhat protected by the eleventh and twelfth ribs. Outline the regulation of renal blood flow (60% of marks). Sphygmomanometer instructions. Each kidney contains one million nephrons crammed into that fist sized space (a testament to how narrow they actually are). Get an answer for 'Explain how the kidneys produce urine in the simplest terms possible. Chris The main function of the kidney is to filter fluid from the blood and concentrate the solution of waste materials which is passed out as urine. Answer all questions and then hit the "Score. The principal function of the loop of Henle appears to be the recovery of water and sodium chloride from the urine. The Nephron: - The nephrons are the functional units of the kidney, i. Identify the indicated structures on the diagrams. c) It produces renin that helps regulate blood pressure. Answer of Question of Temperature & Body Fluid Regulation. The renal artery divides into many tiny blood vessels (capillaries) throughout the kidney. Each of the organs that make up the excretory system removes a different kind of waste from your body. Each lobe consists of a pyramid of medullary tissue, plus the cortical tissue overlying its base 392 PART VI RENAL PHYSIOLOGY AND BODY FLUIDS Chronic kidney disease is usually progressive and may lead to renal failure. What 3 processes occur so the nephron can regulate the concentration of water and soluble substances to form urine? _____ 3. Visit KidneyNotes. Each kidney contains one million nephrons crammed into that fist sized space (a testament to how narrow they actually are). Animation the Kidney, Parts of the Nephron, The Nephron and Urine. 3 The kidneys themselves are protected by about an inch of fat. The kidneys are essential organs in the body. into the afferent arterioles which provide capillary networks into the nephron : Afferent means arrive ---Efferent means exit. There are two types of nephrons, referred to as cortical nephrons and juxtamedullary nephrons. Which structure in a nephron is a knot of. c A molecule of water that is essential to the body. In the nephron. The kidneys are some of the most important organs in your body, and each one contains many parts. The renal corpuscle is an assemblage of two structures, the glomerular capillaries and the glomerular capsule, shown in Figure 1. U2 – Kidney, Nephron and Corpuscle. Urine is produced in a process called glomerular filtration, which is the removal of waste products, minerals, and water from the blood. com › Worksheets › Anatomy This coloring worksheet asks students to color the kidney to identify where structures. Introduction. corpuscle of the kidney with glomerulus and Bowman’s capsule. Front Back 1. Add the following labels to the diagram of a kidney below. On the way to her brain to examine how she’ll react, Merrin and Pearl ride a nerve impulse, bounce among dendrites, explore the brain’s gray matter, and so much more.  Kidney + capsule are surrounded by pararenal fat Each kidney has superior and inferior poles, medial and lateral borders/margins and anterior and posterior surfaces. —Abdominal Cavity Anatomy & Physiology Worksheet Answers 1 Abdominal Cavity Anatomy & Physiology Worksheet 1. In the diagram above, the nephrons are located in the cortex (cortical nephrons) and medulla (juxtamedullary nephron). The kidneys are a pair of organs found along the posterior muscular wall of the abdominal cavity. The Anatomy of the Kidney and Nephron - biologycorner. A general worksheet revising the anatomy and physiology of the kidneys (and nephrons). Biga, Sierra Dawson, Amy Harwell, Robin Hopkins, Joel Kaufmann, Mike LeMaster, Philip Matern, Katie Morrison-Graham, Devon Quick, Jon Runyeon Art edited and created by Leeah Whittier is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial. If the arteries leading to the kidney are diseased, the filtering process will be affected. We'll talk about some other structures in a minute that are only responsible for collection, but the nephron is charged with filtration and collection, so it's got two hats on. It does the job of the urinary system. Kidney transplant and donation cancer risks; Concept Map of HIV, Hep C and Hep B and the Kidney Viruses and the Kidney, a primer! ( a case based a Concept Map of Viruses and the Kidney, a general m CONSULT ROUNDS: Preparing For a Pheochromocytoma R Kidney Transplant Recipient Infected With HIV From. The Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/Excretory System Worksheet/Worksheet Answers. Each kidney contains more than 1 million nephrons, microscopic tubules that make urine. Tags: Body Temperature • Kidney Anatomy • Kidney Disease • Kidney Health • Kidneys • Nephron • Ph Levels • Red Blood Cells • Renal Cortex • Urinary System • Vitamin D About the Author : Hello, my name is Duncan Capicchiano, I am the owner and creator of KidneyCoach. But how do they. com Then select the "Urinary System" and then select "External Anatomy of Kidney". Much of renal physiology is studied at the level of the nephron, the smallest functional unit of the kidney. The nephron is the functional unit of the kidney. Anatomy Models. Gross Anatomy for Medical Students. There are approximately 1. They remove waste from the body and produces urine. Blood leaves the heart through the aorta. Useful substances are reabsorbed back into the. They connect on one side to the blood vessels that enter the kidney, and on the other side to fluid-collecting structures called tubules. Anatomy Of The Kidney Worksheet Coloring That Explains How Nephron Works Nursing Gif Categories: Encyclopedia FACT: Taste buds are present inside the mouth and also at the roof of the mouth. This process is called ultrafiltration. Label the structures found in the interior of the human kidney using the terms. The kidney consists of over a million individual filtering units called nephrons. In Class: Quiz on Outline part I, II, kidney disease sort. We conclude the module. Showing top 8 worksheets in the category - Nephron. Human Physiology/The Urinary System 4 Renal Vein The renal veins are veins that drain the kidney. Define excretion. Name the functional unit of the kidney. The National Kidney Foundation is the leading organization in the U. Multiple Choice Questions on the Anatomy of Heart Multiple choice questions on the Anatomy of the heart include few questions on the Anatomy of the heart at the high school level. The lessons are based on the themes in Apologia's Exploring Creation with. The light-coloured strip of tissue at the top of each kidney is an adrenal gland. The kidney filter blood and the filtrate is delivered to the bladder for excretion out of the body. They are the functioning unit of the kidneys. This is a quiz called Label a Nephron and was created by member ninalahoti. Striated due to presence of many collecting ducts. As of Aug 20 19. There are so many design ideas in the post Excretory System Worksheet that you can find, you can find ideas in the gallery. There are approximately 500,000 nephrons in each kidney. Kidney Nephron. Water and nitrogen wastes such as urea, uric acid, creatinine, and ammonia. Created by Sal Khan. chemistry changes. Find PowerPoint Presentations and Slides using the power of XPowerPoint. on StudyBlue. Marieb & Hoehn (Human Anatomy and Physiology, 8th ed. We then turn our attention to the structure and basic roles of the kidneys' functional units: the (NEF-ronz; nephrons nephro- = "kidney"). Anatomy and physiology of urinary system 3. Kidney ‐Internal Micro Anatomy • Nephron -the functional unit of kidney - Three physiological processes: 1) filtration, 2) reabsorption , and 3) secretion - These three processes cooperate to achieve the various functions of the kidney - Different sites different primary functions. Each kidney contains more than 800,000 nephrons, each of which serves as the basic functional unit by performing three essential processes: filtration, reabsorption and secretion. Identify certain characteristics that are unique to marine mammals. 73m 2 for ≥ 3 months, with or without kidney damage. The osmotic pressure of blood/Measurement of the amount of solute concentrate. biologycorner. List as many as your textbook (or professor) has given. The kidneys remove urea from the blood through tiny filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron filters a small amount of blood. a A red blood cell. You've got cortical nephron and juxtamedullary nephron. Get an answer for 'Explain how the kidneys produce urine in the simplest terms possible. The renal artery brings blood to the kidney. The kidneys are paired retroperitoneal structures that are normally located between the transverse processes of T12-L3 vertebrae, with the left kidney typically somewhat more superior in position than the right. Print Exercise 40: Anatomy of the Urinary System flashcards and study them anytime, PORTION OF THE KIDNEY CONTAINING THE BULK OF THE NEPHRON STRUCTURES. 5 6 H istology of Kidney nephr = fuc t ial sk d y each kidney is com posed of over 1 m illion nephrons tw o basic parts: 1. A renal vein drains blood from each kidney, entering into the inferior vena cava. Urine leaves the kidneys by ureters, and collects in the bladder. Every organism carries out some form of regulation , although it may somehow find a place to live where it can tolerate variation in the external environment. Students get to create an artificial kidney model to filter simulated blood. Even though you probably don't choose to spend a lot of time thinking about it, your pee is kind of a big deal. The kidneys are extremely important to maintaining your health. They are near the middle of the back, just below the rib cage. The main filter of the nephron is the (1 point) mass tubing. Blood Pressure Essential Oils Life hypertension poster doctors. In subsequent parts of the nephron, molecules that the body needs are reabsorbed How. Drake Jennifer M. Some of the worksheets displayed are Student work 2 kidneys and dialysis, The kidneys and body balance notes for teachers, Human urinary system cloze work, Name your kidneys, Urinary system web, A kidney problem, Kidney dissection guide, The kidney. The upper poles are normally oriented more medially and posteriorly than the lower poles. The kidneys are paired retroperitoneal structures that are normally located between the transverse processes of T12-L3 vertebrae, with the left kidney typically somewhat more superior in position than the right. List the major functions performed by the kidneys. Enjoy a range of printable worksheets, classroom activities, fun ESL ideas and free English resources to use in your lessons right here at Fun English Games. Because the inferior vena cava is on the right half of the body, the left renal vein is generally the longer of the two. The nephron is the kidney's primary functional unit. Nephron Loop (Loop of Henle). What is the structural and functional unit of the kidney? _____ 2. Label The Diagram Of Kidney And Nephron Below Quizlet Posted on September 11, 2018 by admin Renal medulla choice image human internal organs diagram functions of the urinary system figure 26 1 an introduction to 2 position kidneys figu. Essentials of Anatomy and Physiology, 9e (Marieb) Fill in the blank or provide a short answer: 12) Each kidney is surrounded and held in place against the muscles. 9) The amount of potassium excreted by the kidney will decreases if : a)distal tubular flow increases. Biga, Sierra Dawson, Amy Harwell, Robin Hopkins, Joel Kaufmann, Mike LeMaster, Philip Matern, Katie Morrison-Graham, Devon Quick, Jon Runyeon Art edited and created by Leeah Whittier is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial. This picture may help to remind you about the kidney nephron. Upper portions of the kidneys are somewhat protected by the eleventh and twelfth ribs (). Some people don't have healthy kidneys, and sometimes their kidneys stop working. removed permanently from the body by the kidneys of the urinary system. Chapter 25 The Urinary System - Anatomy & Physiology 139 with K at Hopkinsville Community College - StudyBlue Flashcards. The nephron, an evolutionary modification of the nephridium, is the kidney's functional unit. The formaldehyde is then displaced first with water and finally with a glycol solution to produce a moist, low-fume specimen which will not decay over time. the kidney is referred to as an excretory organ because it excretes __1__ wastes. Distinguish between cortical and juxtamedullary nephrons. Much of renal physiology is studied at the level of the nephron, the smallest functional unit of the kidney. The renal corpuscle consists of a tuft of capillaries called a glomerulus and an encompassing Bowman's capsule. This is the role of ADH. Define excretion. region of nephron that plays an important role in forming concentrated urine. The first one (the esophagus) is provided. Structure And Function Of Nephron. Renal capsule –a layer of fibrous connective tissue covering the kidneys. The renal artery brings blood to the kidney. ) -Figure 25. Name the functional unit of the kidney. Anatomy of the urinary System kidneys –a pair of bean –shaped organs located retroperitoneally , responsible for blood filtering and urine formation. There are approximately one million nephrons in each kidney. Each nephron filters a small amount of blood. An underlying feature is a rapid decline in GFR usually associated with decreases in renal blood flow. Cerebellum: Coordinating everyday movement; Loss of balance; 3. Long term abuse of poisons (e. The National Kidney Foundation is the leading organization in the U. The paired kidneys lie on either side of the spine in the retroperitoneal space between the parietal peritoneum and the posterior abdominal wall, well protected by muscle, fat, and ribs. Urine is produced in a process called glomerular filtration, which is the removal of waste products, minerals, and water from the blood. It is also a major homeostatic organ. the lighter-colored, outer layer of the kidney that contains the glomeruli and convoluted tubules H. Blood enters by afferent arterioles and exits by efferent arterioles. How do the kidneys and urinary tract work? A large blood vessel called the renal artery takes blood to each kidney. There would be serious. Animation the Kidney, Parts of the Nephron, The Nephron and Urine. The superior surface of each kidney is capped by an adrenal gland. ) Sometimes, people need a kidney transplant. KIDNEY QUIZ. There are so many design ideas in the post Excretory System Worksheet that you can find, you can find ideas in the gallery. These vessels enter / exit the kidney in the indented medial region of the kidney called the renal hilum. Renal cortex –outer region of the kidneys where most enthrones is located. The type of nephron that is involved in producing either a normal dilute urine or when needed a concentrated urine is the _____ nephron. What is the correct sequence for the renal tubules from start to end. Long term abuse of poisons (e. Metabolic wastes would accumulate in the body and we would die. About five thousand nephrons are in each kidney, and each one consists of a. Each nephron contributes to a collecting duct, which carries the urine into the renal pelvis. Now Introduce your child to anatomy with these 10 free printable anatomy coloring pages. 5" in women & 8" in men 16. Urinary System Quizzes & Labeled Diagrams. The renal structures that conduct the essential work of the kidney cannot be seen by the naked eye. In the loop of Henle, water and sodium chloride are reabsorbed. Biologycorner. Microscopic Renal Anatomy #2-The Nephron. The nephron is the kidney's primary functional unit. Some of these are not examples of homeostasis: (circle those that are not) a. Some of the worksheets displayed are Human urinary system cloze work, The kidneys and body balance notes for teachers, The kidney, Student work 2 kidneys and dialysis, Structure of the nephron coloring answers, Urinary system web, The urinary system, Human excretory system answers. The anatomy of the nephron The renal cortex of each kidney contains about 1. the kidney is referred to as an excretory organ because it excretes __1__ wastes. The kidney-nephron system is one of the few portal systems in the human body. These vessels enter / exit the kidney in the indented medial region of the kidney called the renal hilum. The gross anatomy of the kidney is shown in Figure 1. What 3 processes occur so the nephron can regulate the concentration of water and soluble substances to form urine? _____ 3. Each kidney contains more than 1 million nephrons, which are microscopic tubules that make urine. More resources here: Best kidney animation ever from biologymad. Urine leaves the kidneys by ureters, and collects in the bladder. Study 55 Chapter 26 flashcards from Megan H. Anatomy and histology of the kidneys The nephron General anatomy of the kidney Worksheets reviewing the anatomy of the kidney Computer animations showing the anatomy and functioning of the kidney Web sites showing kidney dissections Optional - Dissection of pig kidneys 10. This is the role of ADH. A renal vein drains blood from each kidney, entering into the inferior vena cava. Created by Sal Khan. Identify the renal cortex and the renal medulla using the microscope. Because of its role in the filtration, metabolism, and excretion of compounds, it is often the site of test-article-induced lesions. Part A - Identifying the structures of the kidney. A nephron. Anatomy and Physiology of the Urinary System Directions: Go to Real Anatomy and select Urinary. The renal corpuscle has two parts as wells. The kidneys are some of the most important organs in your body, and each one contains many parts. The renal pelvis contains a hilium —the concave site in which the renal artery and vein and nerves enter the kidney and the ureter leaves the kidney. Introduction to the. The kidney-nephron system is one of the few portal systems in the human body. Afferent arteriole enters. Microscopic Renal Anatomy #2-The Nephron. Then select the correct answer and release. Because the inferior vena cava is on the right half of the body, the left renal vein is generally the longer of the two. The Kidneys. This coloring worksheet asks students to color the kidney to identify where structures like the medulla, cortex, renal vessels and ureters are located. associated blood supply can find various parts of the nephron and its blood supply in the. (116-7, 317-1) Explain the role of the kidney as an excretory organ in removing metabolic wastes from. Label the organs and parts of the urinary system in the following figure using the terms provided. urine; includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra G. Unit 10 -- Kidney and Nephron Diagram; Unit 10 - Urinary System Organs; Unit 10 WTKS; keller family; Unit 5 part 2 Practice test; Unit 6 - Endocrine vs. The excretory system removes indigestible materials and waste products your body doesn't need from your blood. Synonyms, crossword answers and other related words for OF THE KIDNEYS [renal] We hope that the following list of synonyms for the word renal will help you to finish your crossword today. patellar b. Glucose Glucose is normally not present in urine. dedicated to the awareness, prevention and treatment of kidney disease for hundreds of thousands of healthcare professionals, millions of patients and their families, and tens of millions of Americans at risk. Kidneys are bean-shaped organs located on both sides of the spine, behind the stomach. The Anatomy and Physiology of Animals/Excretory System Worksheet/Worksheet Answers. There are approximately 500,000 nephrons in each kidney. uk/Revise/Anatomy this answer violates the Community. What is the functional unit of the kidney that filters blood and forms urine? A) glomerulus B) nephron C) renal pyramid D) renal pelvis. There are approximately 1. Comparing Solutes in the Nephron. Printable Human Body Word Scramble Worksheet - Click this link for a printable version (opens in a new window). Anatomy Of The Kidney Worksheet Coloring That Explains How Nephron Works Nursing Gif Categories: Encyclopedia FACT: Taste buds are present inside the mouth and also at the roof of the mouth. Anatomy and Physiology of the Urinary System Directions: Go to Real Anatomy and select Urinary. vessels in the correct order in which a drop of blood flowing through the kidneys would encounter them a. nephron segments and are necessary for both K secretion and Na absorption. •Review of the kidneys Anatomy Nephron •Functional unit of the kidney 0. In subsequent parts of the nephron, molecules that the body needs are reabsorbed How. NEPHRON QUIZ. THE URINARY SYSTEM. Metabolic wastes would accumulate in the body and we would die. Indicate whether these parts of the kidney tubule are found in the cortex "C" or the medulla "M" of the kidney. A) nephron B) glomerular capsule C) nephron loop D) capsular space. Exocrine; Unit 6 - Endocrine System Gland Chart Filled In; Unit 6 -- Hormone Problems Answers; AZ License; Blood Borne Pathogen Cert; Anatomy and Physiology Webpage; Chemistry Web Page. Each glomerulus is like a filter. The kidneys are paired retroperitoneal structures that are normally located between the transverse processes of T12-L3 vertebrae, with the left kidney typically somewhat more superior in position than the right. The left kidney is located at about the T12 to L3 vertebrae, whereas the right is lower due to slight displacement by the liver. Nephrons: Functional Units of the Kidneys. anatomy final study guide answers. Nephron, functional unit of the kidney, the structure that actually produces urine in the process of removing waste and excess substances from the blood. They connect on one side to the blood vessels that enter the kidney, and on the other side to fluid-collecting structures called tubules.